When inside, keep pets warm, dry and away from drafts. Tiles and un-carpeted floors can become very cold, so put down blankets or used raised beds. Make sure pet does not lie to close to heaters and fires which can cause severe burns.

Feed your dog additional calories, particularly if it spends a lot of time outdoors or if it is a working dog. The extra calories are necessary because it takes more energy in the winter to regulate body temperature. But remember indoor dogs may need less food over the winter if not going out as much and burning off the calories.

Brush your dog as it needs a well-groomed coat to keep properly insulated. Buy them a coat to help keep warm and dry. Coats and booties can also help your dog stay warm don’t forget they feel the cold as well.

Make sure that you dry your dog properly after walks or in the garden. Wipe their paws, legs and bellies thoroughly to remove salts and other such chemicals. Rock salt, used to melt ice on sidewalks, and on roads from gritters can irritate paw pads. Rinse and dry your dog’s feet after a walk.Consider keeping a container of warm water and cloths by the door for use after walks. Trim fur from under pads to stop them getting clogged up with debris.

Clean snow and ice from paws to prevent cuts and cracked pads. A little petroleum jelly may help soften and soothe paw pads.

When you’re outside in the cold weather, you can watch them for signs of discomfort with the cold. If they whine, shiver, seem anxious, slow down or stop moving, or start to look for warm places to burrow, they’re saying they want to get back someplace warm.

Be extra careful when walking or playing with your dog near frozen lakes, rivers or ponds. Your dog could slip or jump in and be seriously injured.

Do not leave your dog alone in a car on cold days. Cars get cold very quickly and your pet can freeze to death

Puppies do not tolerate the cold as well as adult dogs and you may find housetraining take a backwards step during the winter as they don’t like the cold.Don’t give into easily (or you will make it harder to train them) but if it is really necessary buy some training pads for your puppy and start their training again.

Anti Freeze

This is extremely toxic to dogs and cats it contains a toxin called ethylene glycolit which is also sweet-tasting and pets will lap it up if they find even a few drops in the driveway or on the garage floor.

One-half teaspoon of antifreeze per pound of dog body weight is enough to cause the clinical signs of poisoning. The poison attacks the nervous system and the kidneys; the symptoms are depression, lack of coordination, vomiting and diarrhea, increased thirst, and seizures. The toxin is rapidly absorbed; symptoms can begin within an hour of exposure. If you suspect your dog has ingested antifreeze, call your veterinarian immediately. There is an antidote available, but time is of the essence; the poison can be fatal if the kidneys are damaged. There is an antifreeze on the market made from propylene glycol that appears to be safer. However, propylene glycol is also toxic; although it does not attack the kidneys, it does affect the nervous system and may cause lack of co-ordination and seizures.

The best bet is to carefully cap all containers of antifreeze and keep them out of the reach of pets. If small amounts do drip when the antifreeze is being added to the car radiator, clean them up and flush the area with water on driveways. Antifreeze smells and tastes good to dogs, but it can be lethal.


This can happen to a dog as well as humans people forget that. The body gets cold and pulls all the blood from the extremities to the centre of the body to stay warm. The animal’s ears, paws, or tail can get cold enough that ice crystals can form in the tisue and damage it. Frostbite is not immediately obvious. Signs of any damage can take several several days to show.

If you suspect an animal may have frostbite, bring them into a warm environment right away. Soak their extremities in warm water for about 20 minutes to melt the ice crystals and restore circulation. It’s important that you don’t rub the frost-bitten area, however but make sure you do gently remove the ice crystals will cause a lot of damage. Once pet is warm, wrap up in some blankets and take to the vets immediately so they can treat any damage, for pain or infection if necessary.


Or a body temperature that is below normal, is a condition that occurs when an animal is not able to keep their body temperature from falling below normal. It happens when animals spend too much time in cold temperatures, or when animals with poor health or circulation are exposed to cold. In mild cases, animals will shiver and show signs of depression, lethargy, and weakness. As the condition progresses, an animal’s muscles will stiffen, her heart and breathing rates will slow down, and she will stop responding to stimuli.

If you notice these symptoms, you need to get your pet warm and take them to your vet. You can wrap them in blankets, possibly with a hot water bottle or an electric blanket wrapped in fabric to prevent against burning the skin. In severe cases, your vet can monitor heart rate and blood pressure and give warm fluids through an IV.

Dogs lose their scent in snow and ice and can easily get lost. Be sure they have their ID tags on and you keep them on lead and like humans, seem to be more susceptible to illness in the winter. Take your dog to the vets if you notice any signs of illness dogs do catch colds and canine influenza is spread easily from one to another and can be fatal in young puppies and older dogs.

Remember to be very careful with sick or older dogs, since they are more sensitive to cold weather. For any dog sensitive to the cold due to age, illness or breed type, take him outdoors only to relieve himself.

Keep your cat inside. Cats bodies are not designed for low temperatures Outdoors, cats can freeze, become lost or stolen, or be injured or killed. .

During the winter, outdoor cats sometimes choose to sleep under the hoods of cars, where it is warmer. Then, when the motor is started, the cat can be injured or killed in the fan belt. To prevent this, bang loudly on the hood of your car and wait a few seconds before starting the engine, to give a cat a chance

Don’t forget to give extra bedding and food to smaller animals provide shelter for them in a shed or garage

Heat pads can be used when temp drops below feezing.